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Internet turns 34

Last Updated Wed, 29 Oct 2003 12:28:56

TORONTO - It's been 34 years since a group of researchers in California first successfully tested what is now the internet.

At 10:30 p.m. on October 29, 1969, engineering professor Leonard Kleinrock and student Charley Kline sent the first message 600 kilometres from Los Angeles to Palo Alto, Calif.

The message: "lo". They were trying to type "login," but only got as far as the "o" when the system crashed.

The early network, known as ARPANET after the U.S. defense agency which called for its development, grew quickly. E-mail was developed two years later. And until the 1980s, ARPANET was used primarily by university researchers and the military.

The term "internet" wasn't coined until 1982. The word was used to describe the growing number of computer networks in communication with one another.

As of 2002, there were more than two million internet hosts and almost one billion users worldwide.

Written by CBC News Online staff

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